Laws and Regulations
The United States Primary law consists of US Case Law, US Codes and Statutes and US Regulation. US Case Law has a few different names such as precedent law or common law. Judges use this law to aide them with cases they are presiding over. Case law can be binding or non-binding depending on the case and location of the court.
For example, a common law in a fifth district court is binding in all courts in that district, but not necessarily in the fourth district. A fourth district judge may be persuaded by the decision, but not bound by it. The United States Supreme Court is the top court in America and all of its decisions are binding to all lower federal and state courts. Individual states have their own supreme courts, but decisions from these courts only apply to that state. Federal courts typically hear cases involving federal laws, regulations or the constitution.
The United States Codes and Statutes involve the United States Constitution and Codes that are passed by congress. The constitution is the basis of all federal and state laws. The constitution was created on September 17, 1787 and originally was made up of seven articles. It has since been modified 27 times. The first 10 changes or amendments are considered the Bill of Rights. The United States Code is basically all of the laws passed by congress.
The codes consist of forty four titles that are arranged by subject and is issued every six years. Title one of the code consists of the general provisions. Title two list all the laws pertaining to congress to include: elections, pay, lobbying and corruption. Title three consists of laws related to the president to include: pay, elections, and delegation of functions.
United States Regulations provide guidance to agencies on how to follow laws passed by congress. These regulations are updated regularly because laws are constantly changing. Regulations are listed by titles and arranged by subject. There are currently 50 titles. Title one is made up of the general provisions that cover all other titles.
Title three pertains to the president. It covers how all the laws pertaining to the office should be carried out. Title six regulates the Department of Homeland Security. This is one of the newer departments in the government but it is very important with the new threats to the nation.
The United States Primary Law consists of thousands of laws, codes and regulations that pertain to all branches of government. Without these laws the nation would be unable to function properly or maintain law and order. Case law is very important in the judicial system. It allows judges and other law professionals to look back at previous cases that may pertain to their case.
It is similar to a doctor looking back at previous records to see how other physicians treated a patient. The great part about our system is that it is ever evolving. Bad laws can be discarded and new ones can be added by congress.